Friday, October 12, 2012

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners Analysis

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, L.P. (KMP) operates as a pipeline transportation and energy storage company in North America. The partnership is a member of the dividend achievers index, as it has managed to boost quarterly distributions for 16 consecutive years. Over the past decade, Kinder Morgan has managed to boost distributions by 8.20%/year. The partnership operates over 75,000 miles of pipelines as well as 180 terminals. Its main business activity involves transporting commodities such as oil and natural gas for third parties such as oil and gas companies for a fee.

The partnership is operated by Kinder Morgan Inc (KMI), which is the General Partner. The general partner has an incentive distribution rights to 50% of distributable cash flows over certain amounts as well as 11% of the partnership. As a result, future distributions growth might be limited in the limited partnership level, but much higher at the general partner level. In a previous article I mentioned that there are three ways to invest in Kinder Morgan through general partner, limited partner and LLC interests. As a master limited partnership, Kinder Morgan (KMP) is a pass-through entity. This means that it does not pay taxes at the corporate level. Instead, each unitholder pays their portion of Kinder Morgan’s income, net of any deductions. Each year, unitholders receive a K-1 form, which describes their share of income, and how to report it on their tax returns. In general, for the first ten years or so, new unitholders generally do not pay taxes on their distributions, as they are classified as “return of capital” for tax purposes.

While this creates a slightly more challenging tax return than the typical dividend paying stock, any serious do-it-yourself investor or investor with an average CPA should be able to handle this aspect. Taxation also makes investing in Kinder Morgan Partners slightly more challenging in deferred retirement accounts such as ROTH IRA’s. Luckily, the option to acquire i-shares of Kinder Morgan Management (KMR) exists, which pay distributions in the form of stock. As a result, unitholders do not receive any cash, and their distributions are viewed in the eyes of the IRS similar to stock splits. This means that unitholders of Kinder Morgan Partners, who invest in I-Shares such as KMR do not have to file any information with tax authorities regarding the shares they received as distributions from KMR. The only item that has to be reported would be the taxable event of a sale.

This being said, Kinder Morgan does have the distributable cash flows from its vast portfolio of fee generating assets to pay for its generous partner distributions. For the first six months of 2012, Kinder Morgan had Distributable Cash Flow of $2.44 unit, while it paid out $2.36/unit. In 2011 DCF/unit was $4.68/unit and the partnership distributed $4.61/unit for the year. Future distributions growth could come out of the ten billion in capex that the partnership plans to invest over the next five years.

One of the risks for the partnership includes interest rate risk. For every one percent move in interest rates, interest expense fluctuates by $55 million. If interest rates start to increase, that could affect distributable cash flow per unit, as new projects would be more expensive to build.

I would consider adding to my KMR position subject to availability of funds.

 Full Disclosure: Long KMR and KMI

 Relevant Articles:

 - Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) – an island of opportunity for dividend investors
General vs Limited Partners in MLP's
MLPs for tax-deferred accounts
Kinder Morgan Partners – One Company three ways to invest in it

  This article was written by Dividend Growth Investor. If you enjoyed this article, please subscribe to my feed [RSS], or have future articles emailed to you [Email] or follow me on Twitter [Twitter].


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