A few years back the SEC licensed a new class of ETFs called actively managed ETFs. Being a big fan of the ETF area I thought it would be worth saying a few words about this new class.
ETFs are usually passive investments, some of my favorites are those that model an entire market like the S&P 500 or the S&P TSX. These funds emulate the components of the S&P 500/TSX allowing an investor to gain a diversified exposure to the market at a very very low cost or MER. In these traditional ETFs there isn't a fund manager making a decision about which stocks to select which is the chief reason for the low MER.
Actively managed ETFs take it a step further. In an actively managed ETF we insert a fund manager who researches and selects stocks that meet the fund's guiding principals. Here, a fund manager can select from potentially thousands of stocks selecting only those that they believe will yield the highest return for the fund's shareholders.
Sounds like a mutual fund, you might be saying to yourself- and you are right. An actively managed ETF is in many respects very much like a mutual fund, with a few key differences. Mutual funds can't be traded inter-day, all prices and trades are settled at the close of the market and are set based on the net asset value (NAV) of the fund's holdings. This makes a fund's price equal to the sum of its parts. With Actively Managed ETFs the price during the day can potentially float well above the NAV or, theoretically speaking, well below the NAV.
There is a second key difference between a mutual fund and an actively managed fund. When a shareholder cashes out of a mutual fund the payout come from the mutual fund company. In the event that a significant number of shareholders sell off a mutual fund it will force the mutual fund company to sell off some of its portfolio in order to become liquid enough to pay the shareholder back. In an actively managed ETF, on the other hand, when an investor decides to sell, they are selling into the open market where another investor can purchase the fund, leaving the fund company completely out of the mix.
Let's have a quick look at three comparables, an ETF that models the TSX, a large cap TSX mutual fund, and an actively managed Large Cap TSX ETF. These aren't perfect comparisons but when one considers the breakup of the TSX with its limited number of leading companies (compared to other exchanges) the comparison I believe is somewhat valid.
Type Symbol/Name MER When price is set How fund is traded ETF XIU 0.17% Price fluctuates throughout day between investors Mutual Fund BMO Guardian Canadian Large Cap Eq Mut 2.38% Price set at end of day between investor and fund company/ partners Actively Managed ETF HAX 0.70% plus 20% of the amount by which the ETF outperforms the S&P/TSX 60 Index Price fluctuates throughout day between investors
So how does it all stack up? For my money I would keep my dollars in the basic ETF, my concern is always over minimizing costs, and maintaining control. The lower MER of an ETF is desirable and the broad diversification that they offer in my opinion is far superior to a mutual fund. I am not a fan of mutual funds, so I don't see any real advantages to an actively managed ETF. If there are decisions to be made about what individual funds to buy I would prefer to make the decision myself rather than delegating to a fund manager who's interests and motivations may not align with my own.
That is my two cents- what do you think?
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