From time to time I am asked if I would like to invest in someone's private business. Usually the answer is no. The startling percentage of small businesses that fail creates an unacceptable imbalanced between risk and reward. Every once in a while though I am intrigued by the idea and will go on to request a look at the company's financial statements.
There is an important lesson I have learned though from looking at these private company documents. This lesson extends beyond private companies to investing in general. Private and public companies have very different intents, and as such will use all of the legal leniency in their financial statements to achieve these intents.
Private companies will focus all of their might at keeping taxable income down. Public companies have exactly the opposite intent, show investors consistent growth in income.
There are a wealth of perfectly legal ways for either public or private companies to achieve these means. I certainly don't mean to make it sound malicious- it is just businesses. As a result you as an investor should take a Socratic approach to analyzing all financial statements- question everything. Ask the questions where does the money come from, where does it go, and if you don't like the answers keep digging.
I had the opportunity to watch a bit of Michael Moore's recent movie about Capitalism. There was one startling scene in which Michael asked people on wall street to define derivatives. The people he asked bumbled and sputtered and where unable to really explain it with any vigor and yet were likely buying these very financial vehicles. While I accept Michael has an agenda, the whole thing reminds me that you as an investor have a responsibility to dig deep before investing a dollar in any venture. The picture is rarely as clear as it is painted.
This article was written by buyingvalue. If you enjoyed this article, please vote for it by clicking the Buzz Up! button below.